is a very old Indian
science of Architecture. Ancient Indian sages and rishis created Vastu Shastra
for the welfare of the entire humanity. Its knowledge enables us to get
benefits of mental peace, health, wealth etc. and make our life happy.
In ancient times
the human habitats were generally constructed according to the rules of Vastu
Shastra and people lived happily. In those days the members of a joint family
used to be content, prosperous and happy. But, today, despite the families
being small, peace and happiness remains a far cry.
As times advanced, we started ignoring our old culture and tradition. The rules
of Vastu Shastra too were ignored. No wonder the people experienced all kinds
of troubles. You
will be surprised to note that even today the residents of South India follow
the rules of the Vastu shastra and are more peaceful and materialistically and
economically more prosperous than North India.
This science, after propounding the rules of construction, goes to prove that
by constructing properly our buildings, villages, towns, cities, shops,
offices, factories and industries we can make ourselves prosperous.
Shastra is founded upon the laws of nature. The equilibrium, significance of it
can very well be noted from the movements of motorcars, ships, airoplaines,
trains. The Buses are so accurately balanced that even deflation in any one of
the tyres, can cause a serious accident if it is running at a high speed.
Similarly, when a building is constructed without observing the rules of Vastu
Shastra, various calamities, diseases and accidents take place. This is the
eternal rule of nature and it has no place for any logic, doubt or debate.
The directions of East and West
are important as far as obtaining the energy from the sun is concerned. The
importance of the directions of the North and the South lies in the flow of
magnetic waves which flows from North Pole to South Pole. Therefore southward
portion of every building should be higher than the northward portion.
Importance of Five Elements
The selection of
site for building construction is very important. Besides, congenial
environment, greenery and availability of water, we should also see if the land
is suitable for building construction.
As far as the
flow of domestic water is concerned, it should be borne in mind and that such
water should be drained out in North - East. Wells, tubewells, swimming pools
etc. should all be in the North-East. The water from the toilets and bathrooms,
too, should be drained out in the North- East. The North-East direction is
always auspicious and suitable for water. There are sewer-systems in the
cities. The Septic tanks or the flow of sewer systems should be towards North -
West. The flow of rain or fresh water should be towards North- East.
The direction of
Fire is South-East. The Kitchen, fireplace, geysers etc. should be placed only
in this direction. Alternatively these could be placed in North-West, because
it is at 180 degree to South-East.
The air should
enter the building from North -East. All the openings and media for air entry
such as doors, windows, ventilators coolers, air-conditioners, verandahs,
balconies etc. should be in this directions.
The open sky
influences greatly. We can get the effect of terrestrial-energies
uninterruptedly. But the buildings prove a barrier to the effects of open sky.
Therefore, the importance of roofs or lawns gets emphasized, but the Vastu
shastra has refrained from deliberating in detail over it, because it is
related chiefly to building construction and we will discuss only this aspect.
Traditionally every house in India used to have an open space (Court Yard) in
the center of the house. It provided the dwellers not only the open sky but
also sunlight and cross-ventilation of air.